3 reasons why a notary asks for a board resolution when a director signs a document

Reason 1 – the articles of association

The default provision in most companies’ articles of association gives is that the directors have the power to manage the company – not any one director.[1]

Reason 2 – the Companies Act 2006, Section 40

Section 40[2] states that the power of the directors to bind a company is free of any limitation in the company’s constitution. But this presumption applies “in favour of a person who deals with the company in good faith".

A person who “deals with" a company only if they are a party “to any transaction or other act to which the company is a party”.

But a notary is not a party to any transaction or other act, so cannot rely on this statutory presumption.

Reason 3 – Other board resolutions etc

It is possible that there may be a restriction on the power or authority of a director (a specific one, a class of directors or all directors) to sign a document because of:

  • previous director’s resolutions;
  • shareholder resolutions;
  • provisions in shareholder agreements;
  • loan documents; or
  • other documents.

Not all may be open to, or available for, inspection. Practically, the only way would be to check all these of the documents – even if they all made available. Which in a long-standing company can be a time-consuming task (and expensive for the client company) – even if the company is willing to allow the notary to carry out the check.


  1. The model articles of association state: “Subject to the articles, the directors are responsible for the management of the company’s business, for which purpose they may exercise all the powers of the company.”  ↩

  2. There are a lot of ifs and buts, but none help the notary in knowing in the situation where is a signing a document.  ↩